Cividale del Friuli
Cividale del Friuli,
capital of the first Lombard duchy
Cividale del Friuli, in the province of Udine, was made the capital of the first Lombard duchy in Italy in 568 by King Alboin. It soon became a powerful political and religious centre, as well as a focus of art and culture, thanks to the presence of Duke Pemmo and the Patriarch of Aquileia. After the kingdom was conquered by the Carolingians, the city was named Civitas Austriae, from which derives its current name; it subsequently became the capital of the Patria del Friuli, leading to important growth in building activity.
The town centre contains the main Lombard period buildings: the Valle area with seat of the Gastaldate, the churches of San Giovanni and Santa Maria, the monastery of Santa Maria in Valle and the episcopal complex.
Cividale del Friuli Council is a founding partner of the Italia Langobardorum Association. This part of the UNESCO Serial Site is made up of the Gastaldate with the Lombard ‘Temple’ and the episcopal complex in Cividale del Friuli (UD).