Archaeological Area of the Capitolium
An urban religious area
The itinerary through the ancient town offered by Roman Brescia’s archaeological area is one of the most significant and best preserved in north Italy. The area comprises the Republican era Roman sanctuary (1st century BC), the Imperial era remains of the Capitolium temple (AD 73) with 19th century museum additions, the Winged Victory statue plus some of the other ancient bronzes, and the Roman theatre (1st-3rd century AD).
Religious buildings and medieval remains
The archaeological area contains an uninterrupted sequence of religious buildings, with monumental evidence from the 1st century BC (Republican sanctuary) and the Imperial epoch (Capitolium, AD 73); the Roman theatre is associated with traces of Early Medieval activity, above all concerning craft production (pottery manufacture) and burials.
Beneath the Capitolium temple lie the remains of a previous temple dating to the early decades of the 1st century BC. These were first identified in 1823, and investigated between 1956 and 1961, then extensively from the 1990s onwards. The structure consisted of a row of four large rectangular chambers, each with an independent entrance, with a podium in front and access through a columned portico (pronaos). It stood on a terrace overlooking the decumanus maximus, now Via dei Musei. The interior of each chamber has an unusually well preserved high quality fresco; in general, these correspond to Hellenistic models executed by Roman painters. This monument is unique in the archaeological landscape of northern Italy and was created by expert central Italian craftsmen; their involvement in the construction of a building in Brescia demonstrates the city’s adherence to Roman cultural models in the years immediately following the granting of Latin rights in 89 BC.
Inside, the original floors in coloured marble slabs arranged to form geometric patterns (opus sectile) dating to the 1st century AD are still preserved. In addition to the Botticino stone altars found here in the 19th century, fragments of cult statues and furnishings were arranged inside the cells. Numerous inscriptions were mounted on the walls of the central chamber in 1830, when the Museo Patrio was inaugurated.
The archaeological area houses the Winged Victory, an exceptional 1st century AD bronze sculpture that was the subject of a detailed interdisciplinary study promoted by Brescia Council and Brescia Museums Foundation between 2019 and 2021, with conservation treatment carried out at the Opificio delle Pietre Dure in Florence. The Winged Victory is now located in the eastern cell of the Capitolium, in a setting conceived by Spanish architect Juan Navarro Baldeweg to enhance the appearance of the statue, highlighted by the monumental architecture and luminous backdrop.
Next to the Capitolium lies the Roman theatre, built and enlarged in the 1st to 3rd centuries AD. The extensive spectators’ seating area (cavea), partly based on the lower slope of Cidneo Hill, is open to visitors and is highly suggestive of ancient public spectacles.
Info and contacts
Intero € 8,00
€ 6,00 per gruppi (da 10 a 20 persone) e convenzioni
€ 4,50 per:
– 14-18 anni
– over 65
– studenti universitarie e accademie
€ 3,00 per:
– 6-13 anni
– Universitari in gruppi da min. 10 persone
– persona disabile (con disabilità fino al 75%) + accompagnatore gratuito
– Bambini fino a 5 anni
– Guide turistiche abilitate
– Giornalisti e pubblicisti (a fronte di esibizione della tessera dell’Ordine)
– Persona disabile (con disabilità dal 75%) e accompagnatore
– Socio ICOM
– N.1 capogruppo per gruppo
– N.2 docenti per scolaresca Gratuito
– Abbonamenti (Brescia Card e Abbonamento Musei Lombardia)
– Giovedì universitario (dalle 14.00)Gratuito
– In occasione del giorno del proprio compleanno (a fronte di esibizione del solo documento d’identità)
Presentando il biglietto di questo museo ad altri musei civici, in giornata ed entro le 17:00: riduzione del prezzo
Martedì 10.00 – 18.00
Mercoledì 10.00 – 18.00
Giovedì 10.00 – 18.00
Venerdì 10.00 – 18.00
Sabato 10.00 – 18.00
Domenica 10.00 – 18.00