Archaeological Area of the Capitolium

An urban religious area

The itinerary through the ancient town offered by Roman Brescia’s archaeological area is one of the most significant and best preserved in north Italy. The area comprises the Republican era Roman sanctuary (1st century BC), the Imperial era remains of the Capitolium temple (AD 73) with 19th century museum additions, the Winged Victory statue plus some of the other ancient bronzes, and the Roman theatre (1st-3rd century AD).

Religious buildings and medieval remains

The area was gradually brought to light and enhanced starting from 1823, when (thanks to a public subscription) Brescia’s Athenaeum of Science, Letters and Arts began archaeological investigations, proceeding from several visible remains in private properties. The campaign produced extraordinary results, bringing to light the Capitolium temple with many of its furnishings, plus a deposit of large bronzes including the Winged Victory, and the Roman theatre. The Museo Patrio, the first of the city museums, was opened in 1830 inside the reconstructed temple.
The archaeological area contains an uninterrupted sequence of religious buildings, with monumental evidence from the 1st century BC (Republican sanctuary) and the Imperial epoch (Capitolium, AD 73);  the Roman theatre is associated with traces of Early Medieval activity, above all concerning craft production (pottery manufacture) and burials.

Republican sanctuary

Beneath the Capitolium temple lie the remains of a previous temple dating to the early decades of the 1st century BC. These were first identified in 1823, and investigated between 1956 and 1961, then extensively from the 1990s onwards. The structure consisted of a row of four large rectangular chambers, each with an independent entrance, with a podium in front and access through a columned portico (pronaos). It stood on a terrace overlooking the decumanus maximus, now Via dei Musei. The interior of each chamber has an unusually well preserved high quality fresco; in general, these correspond to Hellenistic models executed by Roman painters. This monument is unique in the archaeological landscape of northern Italy and was created by expert central Italian craftsmen; their involvement in the construction of a building in Brescia demonstrates the city’s adherence to Roman cultural models in the years immediately following the granting of Latin rights in 89 BC.

The Capitolium

The Capitolium was the main temple of every Roman city and strongly symbolized the culture of Rome. It was dedicated to the cult of the “Capitoline Triad”, i.e. the main divinities of the Roman pantheon: Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. In the area in front of the temple, worshippers gathered for the main ceremonies and sacrifices were performed. Visitors may enter the Capitolium and see original parts of its decoration and the furnishings of the chambers.
Inside, the original floors in coloured marble slabs arranged to form geometric patterns (opus sectile) dating to the 1st century AD are still preserved. In addition to the Botticino stone altars found here in the 19th century, fragments of cult statues and furnishings were arranged inside the cells. Numerous inscriptions were mounted on the walls of the central chamber in 1830, when the Museo Patrio was inaugurated.

Winged Victory

The archaeological area houses the Winged Victory, an exceptional 1st century AD bronze sculpture that was the subject of a detailed interdisciplinary study promoted by Brescia Council and Brescia Museums Foundation between 2019 and 2021, with conservation treatment carried out at the Opificio delle Pietre Dure in Florence. The Winged Victory is now located in the eastern cell of the Capitolium, in a setting conceived by Spanish architect Juan Navarro Baldeweg to enhance the appearance of the statue, highlighted by the monumental architecture and luminous backdrop.

Roman theatre

Next to the Capitolium lies the Roman theatre, built and enlarged in the 1st to 3rd centuries AD. The extensive spectators’ seating area (cavea), partly based on the lower slope of Cidneo Hill, is open to visitors and is highly suggestive of ancient public spectacles.


capitolium teatro romano brescia longobardi in italia


Info and contacts

Capitolium Archaeological Area
Via Musei, 55 – Brescia
Phone 030 297 7833
Online Tickets


Intero € 8,00

€ 6,00 per gruppi (da 10 a 20 persone) e convenzioni

€ 4,50 per:
– 14-18 anni
– over 65
– studenti universitarie e accademie

€ 3,00 per:
– 6-13 anni
– Scuole
– Universitari in gruppi da min. 10 persone
– persona disabile (con disabilità fino al 75%) + accompagnatore gratuito

Gratuito per:
– Bambini fino a 5 anni
– Guide turistiche abilitate
– Giornalisti e pubblicisti (a fronte di esibizione della tessera dell’Ordine)
– Persona disabile (con disabilità dal 75%) e accompagnatore
– Socio ICOM
– N.1 capogruppo per gruppo
– N.2 docenti per scolaresca Gratuito
– Abbonamenti (Brescia Card e Abbonamento Musei Lombardia)
– Giovedì universitario (dalle 14.00)Gratuito
– In occasione del giorno del proprio compleanno (a fronte di esibizione del solo documento d’identità)

Presentando il biglietto di questo museo ad altri musei civici, in giornata ed entro le 17:00: riduzione del prezzo


Lunedì chiuso
Martedì 10.00 – 18.00
Mercoledì 10.00 – 18.00
Giovedì 10.00 – 18.00
Venerdì 10.00 – 18.00
Sabato 10.00 – 18.00
Domenica 10.00 – 18.00